Anxietysocialnet complied some information about Phobias for you
"Fear makes the wolf bigger than he is." - German Proverb
Very simply put, a phobia is a fear that people typically feel, when danger is lurking. They calm down as soon as soon as they sense or know that the peril has passed. The fear arising from a phobia, however, is very different. It is more deeply entrenched and overwhelming, and difficult to shake off. The fear does not necessarily arise in response to danger, but rather, to the sight of things like insects and animals like spiders, cockroaches, snakes, whether in living form, in pictures or on television; to activities, such as swimming and flying, because of a fear of the sea or heights; public venues, open spaces or even closed areas.
As soon as the individuals perceive themselves to be in proximity to the cause, or in the environment or situation that they dread, a chain of reactions goes off. They sense something more acute than fear - they are alarmed, unnerved and want to get away immediately. Involuntarily, in readiness for a quick getaway, their body immediately begins to adapt towards rescue mode, and a series of biological and chemical changes commence. Their blood is pumped to the muscles and limbs to prepare them for flight, their breathing and heart rates accelerate, their pupils dilate, and their vision and hearing becomes more acute. As their emotions and senses are undergoing a swift change they are in no way prepared for, they are thrown off balance and may even feel faint. Their digestive system may also get involved, and they feel stomach cramps.
Thereafter, as the alarming sensations begin to ease, the individual's fears are compounded due to their recent episode. How different things could have been, had someone knowledgeable about such matters been at hand, to explain, reassure, and talk them through the actual facts of the terrifying experience they had just been through. Instead, things tend to go from bad to worse, as the sufferers will go through extreme lengths to avoid the situations or things they perceive to have initiated that dreaded episode. This can make life so complex and unbearable.
Phobias are generally labeled in accordance with the perceived causes of the anxiety - whether they are things, settings and situations. The list is long, and to non-sufferers, with no concept whatsoever of the perceived threats and agony some of the strangest things can hold for some - it may even seem laughable. How, they wonder, can anyone be afraid of water (Hydrophobia), which is so essential to life, and which is an integral part of their being; how can someone be afraid of the number 13 (Triskaidekaphobia), the fear of money (Chrometophobia), or even of justice (Dikephobia)! Granted, these are extreme phobias, but they do indeed exist, and consequently, people do suffer a lot. The list of phobias is endless, going from A to Z, and most of the names are long and difficult to pronounce, and therefore, unfamiliar.
Depending on the severity of the condition, it may be treated or ignored, in the hope it will go away. If it impacts on the quality of life of the sufferers and those around them, action must be initiated - and the sooner, the better. With adequate support, treatment can be carried out through cognitive behavioral therapy, medication, or even perhaps a combination of the two. In most cases, the treatment brings goods results, and the sufferers may ultimately find themselves free of their bugbear for relatively long periods of time, if not permanently.